Control systems make other systems do what we want them to do, without us having to do all the work. Examples of control systems in everyday life include the thermostat that regulates the temperature of a room and the cruise control that regulates the speed of a car. Typically, the core of a control system is an algorithm that computes the signal that must be applied at the input of a system so that its output follows certain reference values. Practical implementation involves a computer, a sensor (or sensors) that measures the output of the system, and an actuator (or actuators) that applies the required actions to the system. The actions may be physical forces, electrical signals, chemical products, or any other variables that affect the state of the system. To become an expert in control, you should be comfortable with mathematics and computing. You should also be curious enough to study closely a variety of engineering applications.
Two modern applications of control theory are flight control and active noise control. In the X-29 aircraft shown below, the dynamic behavior is so unstable that a human pilot is unable to maintain steady flight without the feedback actions implemented by a flight control computer. In the worst flight condition of the X-29, an angular deviation from horizontal flight doubles every 0.12 seconds (the stabilization task is equivalent to the one required to balance a 17.4 inch stick on a finger). Computations are performed 40 times per second to provide adequate stabilization and control of the aircraft.
The figure below shows an active noise control system for a turboprop aircraft. Here, the purpose of the control system is to reduce the noise in the cabin of the aircraft. The result is achieved by measuring the sound with microphones (shown in green) and generating cancelling sound waves using speakers (shown in red). The SAAB 2000 aircraft has 72 microphones and 36 speakers, so that the computer must deal with a large number of sensors and actuators. The control problem is quite different from the flight control application. There is no issue of stabilization of the system or of tracking of commands. The problem is purely one of disturbance rejection. In both cases, the control engineer designs the algorithm that is coded in the control computer so that the desired results are achieved.
Active noise control system
ECE 3510 is required as the basis of study in control systems. Given the small number of control courses, we recommend that students take courses as early as possible in their program. Graduate students may take up to two control courses outside of the department and count them toward their required ECE 6000-level coursework. The allowed courses are ME EN 6210, 6220, 7200, and 7210.
|ECE 3510||Introduction to feedback systems|
|ECE 5670/6670||Control of electric motors|
|ECE 6560||Multivariable systems (currently not offered)|
|ECE 6561||Robust multivariable control (curently not offered)|
|ECE 6570||Adaptive control|
|ME EN 5210/6210||State space control|
|ME EN 7200||Nonlinear controls|
|ME EN 7210||Optimal controls|