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Team Designs New 3D Microscope for Your Brain

Team Designs New 3D Microscope for Your Brain...

A University of Utah team discovered a method... more

IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Doctoral Research Award
Prof. Gianluca Lazzi Election to AIMBE’s College of Fellows

Prof. Gianluca Lazzi Election to AIMBE's College of...

Prof. Gianluca Lazzi, Chair of the ECE Department,... more

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Aug
25
Mon
Classes begin
Aug 25 all-day
Classes begin
Graduate Seminar – “Welcome and Introduction”
Aug 25 @ 3:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Graduate Seminar - "Welcome and Introduction" @ Warnock (WEB 1250)

Dr. Gianluca Lazzi

University of Utah Electrical & Computer Engineering Department

When: Monday, August 25, 2014 at 3:05 p.m.
Where: Warnock 1250

During this first Graduate Seminar of Fall 2014, Dr. Lazzi will welcome students to the 2014-2015 academic year and go over the format for Graduate Seminar for the remainder of the semester.

Aug
27
Wed
Mohamed Othman Defense
Aug 27 @ 9:00 am – 11:00 am

UNIVERSITY OF UTAH
ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

DISSERTATION DEFENSE FOR THE DEGREE OF
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

by

Mohamed Abou Bakr Othman
Advisor: Behrouz Farhang

Detection of Nondeterministic Linear Chirps in non-Gaussian Noise Background


Chirp signals arise in many applications of digital signal processing. In this dissertation, we address the problem of detection of chirp signals that are encountered in a bistatic radar which we are developing for remote sensing of cosmic ray induced air showers. The received echoes from the air showers are characterized by their large Doppler shift (several tens of MHz), and very short sweep period (~10s). This makes our astrophysical problem a challenging one, since a very short sweep period is equivalent to a very low energy chirp signal. Furthermore, the related parameters of the received echoes are nondeterministic since they are tied to the physical parameters of the air showers that are stochastic in nature. In addition, our problem is characterized by the rarity of the expected chirp-echoes to be received, few events per week, and thus, background noise reception is the case most of the time. The primary focus of this research is to address these challenges and find an optimized detection approach under the existing receiver environment which contains non-Gaussian noise and characterized by low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

Matched filters are commonly used in radar systems when the chirp signal is known. In our first method, we revisit this context and use a “matched-filter” as a basis of building a rake-like receiver which consists of a set of filters matched to quantized chirp rates, logarithmically distributed within the chirp-rate interval of interest. We examine the detection capability of the proposed structure through extensive theoretical and numerical analysis. Theoretical analysis and simulation results prove that the proposed detector has high detection capability for a range of chirp slopes in a low SNR environment.

A major source of false-alarms found to be due to sudden noise spikes that cover wide frequency bands. These transient signals have high amplitudes and occur at random time instants. This leads to erroneous detection decision. We study the influence of amplitude limiting the noisy signal on reducing the received false alarms and enhancing the detection performance of the proposed rake-like receiver.

In our second method, we use Hough transform (HT), which is widely used in the area of image processing for the purpose of finding parameterized patterns, as a basis of building a robust detection technique. We examine the detection capability of the proposed structure through theoretical and numerical analysis. Our results prove that the proposed detector has high detection capability for a range of chirp slopes in a low SNR environment.

The introduced detection algorithms are implemented over a Virtex-5 FPGA. National Instruments modules are used as a high-performance custom hardware. Due to rarity of received echoes, we emulate the expected radar echoes to evaluate the system performance. The detection performance of the emulated echoes is examined using the implemented receiver at the field. Also, we compare the performance of both detectors.

 

Wednesday, August 27, 2014
9:00 a.m.
Chemical Engineering Conference Room
Merrill Engineering Building (MEB) Room 3291

The public is invited

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Chair Welcome

This past year our faculty have received funding, contracts, and awards from such resources as the CIA, NSF, AFOSR, and DARPA.
Read the Chair’s Message